What is a Real Property Report?
A Real Property Report (RPR) is a legal document that clearly illustrates
the location of significant visible improvements relative to property
boundaries. (Improvements to be shown are outlined in Part D,
Section 8.5 of the Manual of Standard Practice, which can be found
at alsa .ab.ca)
It takes the form of a plan or illustration of the various physical features
of the property, including a written statement detailing the surveyor’s
opinions or concerns.
It can be relied upon by the buyer, the seller, the lender and the
municipality as an accurate representation of the improvements on
Who needs a Real Property Report?
Property Owners, to be informed of:
• The locations of improvements within the property boundaries,
• Any encroachment from adjacent properties, and
• Property compliance with municipal requirements.
Property Purchasers, to be informed of:
• The boundary and improvement locations on the property, and
• Any problems relating to the property boundaries.
Municipalities, to assist them:
• In determining compliance with bylaws and fire codes, and
• In the planning and development process.
Property Sellers (vendors), to provide:
• Protection from potential future legal liabilities resulting from
problems related to property boundaries and improvements.
Calgary Mortgage Lenders, to be informed of:
• Conformance of improvements with municipal bylaws, and
• Problems that may have to be resolved prior to registration of
Calgary Realtors, to:
• Provide a visual representation of the property for sale,
• Meet requirements of the real estate listing/purchase contract, and
• Have information to avoid delays in completing property transactions
when a Real Property Report is arranged early in the sales process.
How does a Calgary Real Property Report protect you?
Purchasing a property may be the largest financial investment you
ever make. With a Real Property Report, owners are aware of any boundary
problems. They know whether their new home is too close to the
property line, or part of their garage is on their neighbour’s land, or
“Good boundaries make good neighbours!”
Since legal complications may occur if a sold property fails to meet
requirements, a Real Property Report protects the seller.
How does municipal compliance protect you?
A Real Property Report is necessary to determine compliance with
municipal bylaws. A municipality reviews and endorses the Real
Property Report and indicates if the improvements meet the requirements
of the local bylaws. The property owner can then resolve any outstanding
issues identified by the municipality. Early preparation of a Real Property
Report significantly speeds up the process of selling a property.
How long is a Real Property Report valid?
The Real Property Report is a “snapshot” of the property on the date
of the survey. Changes are often made to improvements on a property
or adjoining properties. These may be new or modified fences, decks,
driveways, garages or other features. Only an updated Real Property
Report can show their location relative to property boundaries. Changes
to your title will also be shown. In some cases, it is more economical
to update an existing Real Property Report. Contact the original Alberta
Land Surveyor who did the RPR to see if an update can be done.
How is a Real Property Report prepared?
A registered Alberta Land Surveyor is the only individual who can
legally prepare a Real Property Report. A valid Real Property Report
must bear the original signature and permit stamp of the Alberta Land
Surveyor. In preparing a Real Property Report, an Calgary Land
• Search the title of the subject property,
• Search all pertinent encumbrances registered against the title of the
• Search all plans related to the location of boundaries of the subject
• Perform a field survey to determine the dimensions of the property
and location of improvements, and
• Prepare a plan (diagram) reflecting the results of the field survey and
How much does a Real Property Report cost?
The amount of work to prepare a Real Property Report varies
between properties. Lot size and shape, number of buildings, natural
features, age and availability of the property boundary information all
affect the cost.
A Real Property Report is only a small portion of your total property
investment and may help you avoid costly problems in the future.
A Real Property Report does not include replacement of any property
corner posts. Arrangements can be made to have property boundaries
visibly marked on the ground. It is most economical to have this
additional service performed at the time of the survey. Neighbouring
landowners occasionally share the cost because of the mutual benefit
of the Real Property Report and marking of boundaries.
Alberta Land Surveyors’ Association
— who are Alberta Land Surveyors?
Alberta Land Surveyors are professionals — current standards
require a university degree followed by an articling period and a series of
professional examinations. Land Surveyors are governed by provincial
law with a mandate to protect the public’s interest in matter of real
property boundaries. Additionally, they must be registered with the
Alberta Land Surveyors’ Association. An extensive practice review program
ensures surveyors maintain high professional standards.
Web site: www.alsa.ab.ca
Toll Free: 1-800-665-2572
Alberta Land Surveyors’
A Real Property Report is only a small
portion of your total property investment
An Alberta Land Surveyor is fully responsible for the accuracy of the
information in a Real Property Report. Land Surveyors carry professional
liability insurance as added protection for the consumer.
Names of the local Calgary Land Surveyors are found in the “Yellow
Pages” under “Surveyors - Alberta Land”. For a province wide list, call
the Alberta Land Surveyors’ Association or visit our website: www.alsa.ab.ca